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Hardwood seedling survival under plantations of scotch pine pinus sylvestris and red pine pinus resinosa in central new york usa



Hardwood seedling survival under plantations of scotch pine pinus sylvestris and red pine pinus resinosa in central new york usa



Ecology (Washington D C) 61(1): 25-29



Hardwood seeds [Acer rubrum and Fraxinus americana] germinate under both red pine and Scotch pine plantations, but few reach larger size classes under red pine. The environment of the plantation floor cannot explain this difference in hardwood survival. Differences were found in chlorophyll, N and P content of leaves of hardwood seedlings growing under the 2 pine species, with the P content in the seedlings growing under red pines suggesting limitation of growth. Endomycorrhizal [Glomus] colonization was not found in 1st yr hardwood seedlings growing under red pines, whereas it was found in all examined seedlings growing under Scotch pines. Laboratory experiments confirmed these findings. This lack of endomycorrhizal colonization may reduce the P uptake by the hardwood seedlings growing under the red pines to levels which limit their growth, eventually contributing to the observed seedling mortality.

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