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Heat production by balling in the japanese honeybee apis cerana japonica as a defensive behavior against the hornet vespa simillima xanthoptera hymenoptera vespidae



Heat production by balling in the japanese honeybee apis cerana japonica as a defensive behavior against the hornet vespa simillima xanthoptera hymenoptera vespidae



Experientia 43(9): 1031-1032



As an effective counterattack strategy against predacious hornets, especially Vespa simillima xanthoptera, workers of Apis cerana japonica showed a distinct balling reaction, usually involving 180-300 bees. This produced heat for as long as 20 min, giving rise to temperatures inside the ball higher than 46.degree. C, which is lethal to the hornet but not to the bees.

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