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Hemodynamic effects of anti gravity suit inflation in a 1 gravity environment



Hemodynamic effects of anti gravity suit inflation in a 1 gravity environment



Journal of Applied Physiology 59(4): 1145-1151



This study evaluated effects of various anti-G inflation pressures on cardiac volumes and the relationship of these volume changes to mean arterial pressure changes. Ventricular volumes were calculated using two-dimensional echocardiography. An anti-G suit was inflated to 2, 4, and 6 psi in the standing and supine positions for 10 male subjects. In the supine position, mean arterial pressure increased from base line for all three inflation pressures (P = 0.05). The end-diastolic volume increased after 2-psi inflation (P = 0.03). Cardiac output or stroke volume did not change. After standing, mean arterial pressure (P = 0.002), end-diastolic volume (P = 0.002), and stroke volume (P = 0.05) fell after suit deflation. Peripheral vascular resistance fell in the 2- and 4-psi inflation profiles. In the standing protocol, mean arterial pressure, end-diastolic volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output rose with all three inflation pressures (P < 0.05). After reclining, heart rate increased (P = 0.02) and mean arterial pressure fell (P < 0.05) in the 4- and 6-psi inflation profiles after suit deflation. Increases in mean arterial pressure are caused by increases in cardiac preload and cardiac output after inflation of the anti-G suit while subjects were standing. Increased cardiac preload was not consistently seen after inflation while subjects were supine. Changes in end-diastolic volume and mean arterial pressure were dependent on the pressure used to inflate the anti-G suit.

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Accession: 005556937

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