Human cytotoxic T cell clones directed against herpes simplex virus-infected cells. II. Bifunctional clones with cytotoxic and virus-induced proliferative activities exhibit herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 specific or type common reactivities
Yasukawa, M.; Zarling, J.M.
Journal of Immunology 133(5): 2736-2742
Human cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) clones directed against herpes simplex virus (HSV)-infected cells were generated after stimulation of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) with HSV type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV type 2 (HSV-2). These CTL clones were studied with regard to HSV type specificity and with regard to whether they also express helper cell activity. Some clones, generated after stimulation with HSV-1, were cytotoxic for autologous cells infected with either HSV-1 or HSV-2 (HSV type common clones); other clones lysed HSV-1-infected cells only (type-specific clones). After HSV-2 stimulation, both HSV-2 specific and HSV type common clones were obtained, indicating the heterogeneity of human cytotoxic T cells to HSV. All CTL clones tested were found to be bifunctional in that they also proliferated in response to stimulation with HSV. The HSV type specificity of the proliferative response was identical to that of the cytotoxic activity of the clones. An HSV type common clone, when stimulated with either HSV-1 or HSV-2, and an HSV-1 specific clone, when stimulated with HSV-1 but not with HSV-2, produced a factor, presumably interleukin 2 (IL 2), which induced proliferation of CTLL, an IL 2-dependent murine T cell line, providing evidence that HSV-directed CTL clones also express helper cell activity. CTL clones were restricted in cytotoxic activity by HLA class II DR-1 or MB-1 antigens were found, in this study, to be restricted in proliferative response to HSV by these same HLA antigens. Evidently bifunctional T cell clones directed against HSV may recognize the same viral antigenic determinants and the same HLA antigens for both cytotoxic and virus-induced proliferative activities. This is the first demonstration of human HSV type specific and HSV type common T cell clones and HSV specific T cell clones with both cytotoxic and helper cell activities.