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Immunofluorescence antigen localization on boar sperm plasma membranes: monoclonal antibodies reveal apparent new domains and apparent redistribution of surface antigens during sperm maturation and at ejaculation



Immunofluorescence antigen localization on boar sperm plasma membranes: monoclonal antibodies reveal apparent new domains and apparent redistribution of surface antigens during sperm maturation and at ejaculation



Anatomical Record 214(3): 238-252



Purified boar sperm plasma membranes (PM) and PM proteins were used as antigens to produce 58 monoclonal antibodies against surface antigens. Fluorescence labelling (biotin-avidin-FITC) was used to determine the distribution of antigens in caput and cauda epididymal and in ejaculated spermatozoa with hybridoma supernatants and/or 1:100 diluted ascites fluid after subcloning. Sixteen areas (subdomains) of apparent restricted antigen mobility were identified and significant differences in the localization of most antigens in caput, cauda, and ejaculated PM were recognized. While localization patterns were highly reproducible with a given protocol for sample preparation and immunolabelling, localization patterns were markedly affected by changes in protocols. Fluorescence patterns were affected by the manner in which sperm were labelled (live sperm or sperm labelled at various steps), by washing, and by temperature or by addition of seminal plasma. These results indicate that the dynamic properties of the sperm PM or the surrounding fluids can easily mask or unmask or reconfigure binding sites for highly site-specific monoclonal antibodies and that antigen distribution is probably under-estimated when these labelling techniques are used. Such changes in the accessibility of antigenic sites to monoclonal antibodies limited determining the extent of distribution of a given antigen on epididymal sperm. However, the reproducibility of patterns when a given protocol is used and the large number of antibodies (39/42) displaying marked differences in localization on caput, cauda, and ejaculated PM suggest that changes in the organization of the PM constituents, whether by addition or subtraction of antigen or through configurational changes in proteins, are a major consequence of sperm maturation in the epididymis.

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Accession: 005630284

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3516013

DOI: 10.1002/ar.1092140303


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