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In vitro ovarian responses to pulsatile and continuous gonadotropin administration on steroid secretion and oocyte maturation in the frogs rana pipiens and rana catesbeiana



In vitro ovarian responses to pulsatile and continuous gonadotropin administration on steroid secretion and oocyte maturation in the frogs rana pipiens and rana catesbeiana



General & Comparative Endocrinology 61(3): 417-423



An in vitro superfusion system was used to study the relative effects of pulsatile and continuous gonadotrophin administration on steroid secretion and oocyte maturation in Rana pipiens ovaries. Pulsatile (10 min pulse/hr) delivery of pituitary extract (PE) resulted in a slightly (insignificantly) lower level of testosterone (T) secretion over a 12-hr period. Administration of a fivefold lower, subliminal amount of PE instead of hormone-free media between pulses did not change the pattern of T secretion. When the interpulse frequency was increased to 2 or 3 hr, there were notable oscillations in T secretion which corresponded to the peaks in luteinizing hormone associated with the PE. In four experiments ovarian fragments underwent oocyte maturation, but this occurred only in fragments that received continuous PE stimulation. Progesterone (P) secretion was measurable only when oocyte maturation was observed in the ovarian fragment. Rana catesbeiana ovarian fragments exposed to continuous superfusion with homologous PE produced more T than those receiving hourly pulses of PE over a 6-hr period. Oocyte maturation accompanied by P secretion was observed in one experiment under continuous, but not pulsatile administration of PE. These results suggest that the frog ovary may be more resistant than the mammalian ovary to "down-regulation" under continuous gonadotrophic stimulation. The implications of these results on the frog pituitary-gonadal axis are discussed.

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Accession: 005650223

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PMID: 3485551


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