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Incorporation of calcium channels from cardiac sarcolemmal membrane vesicles into planar lipid bilayers



Incorporation of calcium channels from cardiac sarcolemmal membrane vesicles into planar lipid bilayers



Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 83(1): 193-197



When purified porcine cardiac sarcolemmal membrane vesicles are incorporated into planar lipid bilayers formed at the tip of patch electrode pipettes, individual divalent cation channels can be monitored. Channel activity is increased in the presence of Ca2+ channel agonist Bay K 8644, is voltage dependent, and selects for divalent cations over anions. The activity does not inactivate because it is maintained during prolonged depolarizations. Determination of divalent cation selectivity from the reversal potential of single-channel currents indicates a relative permeability ratio for Ba/Ca/Mg of 1:0.45:0.08. Mean channel conductance in 0.1 M Ba2+/0.01 M Mg2+ is 8 pS. Channels are reversibly blocked by the Ca2+ channel inhibitor nitrendipine, and inhibition can be competitively antagonized by Bay K 8644. Binding studies with 3H-labeled D-600 demonstrate the presence of high-affinity receptors for D-600 in sarcolemmal membranes (Kd = 6.4 .times. 10-9 M; Bmax = 3 pmol per mg of protein). In addition, experiments with resolved D-600 stereoisomers indicated that (-)D-600 is at least 25-fold more potent than (+)D-600 in competing for this aralkyl amine receptor. Consistent with this, (-)D-600 is much more effective than the (+) isomer in inhibiting bilayer-incorporated channels. These results demonstrate that the divalent cation channel that has been reconstituted in planar lipid bilayers possesses many of the characteristics of voltage-regulated Ca2+ channels in heart and suggest that receptors for Ca2+ entry blockers are functionally associated with this channel.

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Accession: 005660442

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PMID: 2417238

DOI: 10.2307/26824


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