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Infection of potato and wheat by isolates of rhizoctonia solani and rhizoctonia cerealis


Infection of potato and wheat by isolates of rhizoctonia solani and rhizoctonia cerealis



Plant Pathology 32(3): 303-310



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-0862

Isolates of Rhizoctonia were obtained from potato crops with stem canker or black scurf and from cereal crops with sharp eyespot. Those with many nuclei per cell, wide cells, darkening colonies and fast growth were assigned to R. solani; those with 2 nuclei/cell, narrow cells, pale colonies and slow growth were assigned to R. cerealis. Only R. solani was obtained from potatoes and only R. cerealis from cereals. On young plants in the glasshouse, the isolates of R. solani infected potato substantially but not wheat; R. cerealis infected wheat substantially and potato slightly. This host preference was shown at temperatures between 10.degree. and 25.degree. C in growth rooms. R. solani on potato caused more disease with increasing temperature; no trend with temperature was observed for R. cerealis on wheat.

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Accession: 005677393

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Related references

Infection of potato and wheat by isolates of Rhizoctonia solani and R. cerealis. Plant Pathology 32(3): 303-310, 1983

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