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Influence of date of seeding on yield and other agronomic characters of winter wheat triticum aestivum and rye secale cereale grown in saskatchewan canada



Influence of date of seeding on yield and other agronomic characters of winter wheat triticum aestivum and rye secale cereale grown in saskatchewan canada



Canadian Journal of Plant Science 63(1): 109-114



Four wheat [Sundance, Kharkov, Winalta and Alabaskaja] and 2 rye [Cougar and Frontier] cultivars were seeded at 2-wk intervals between 1 Aug. and 15 Oct. in 5-summer-fallow and 2 stubble-seeded trials at 3 locations in the north-central part of the agricultural area of Saskatchewan. Averaged over 3 yr. the optimum dates for planting both winter wheat and rye were between 15 Aug. and 1 Sept. Seeding earlier than this usually resulted in reduced yield and lower 1000-kernel wt. Later seeding usually resulted in a yield reduction, delayed heading, later maturity and reduced hectoliter wt. Reduced height in rye and reduced 1000-kernel wt in wheat were also associated with delayed seeding dates. Exceptions to these generalizations did occur with the result that a significant trial by date of seeding interaction was recorded for all characters measured. For the optimum period for seeding, rye cultivars were higher yielding, earlier heading and maturing, taller and had lower 1000-kernel and hectoliter wt than winter wheat cultivars.

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Accession: 005682874

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