+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Influence of the depth of the casing layer on the water extraction from casing soil and substrate by the sporophores on the yield and on the dry matter content of the fruitbodies of the first three flushes of the cultivated mushroom agaricus bisporus



Influence of the depth of the casing layer on the water extraction from casing soil and substrate by the sporophores on the yield and on the dry matter content of the fruitbodies of the first three flushes of the cultivated mushroom agaricus bisporus



Scientia Horticulturae 27(1-2): 33-44



The amounts of water extracted from the casing layer and the substrate by the sporophores of the first three flushes of a mushroom culture (Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing.) were determined. Cultures with thin (3 cm) and thick (6 cm) casing layers were compared. In the first two flushes, sporophores on thick casing layers extracted a smaller percentage of their water content from the substrate and a larger percentage from the casing soil compared with those on thin ones. Independent of the casing depth the fruit bodies of the second flush took a larger percentage of their water content from the casing soil and a smaller percentage from the substrate compared with those of the first flush. After two and three flushes, the yields of cultures with thin casing layers were lower than those from cultures with thicker casing layers. The dry matter content of the fruit bodies from the thin casing layer was higher in all three flushes. In the top substrate layer, the water content decreased with each flush. In the middle layer the changes were small, and they were smallest in the bottom one. A steep gradient in moisture content developed from top to bottom in the substrate.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 005693815

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

Influence of the depth of the casing layer on the water extraction from casing soil and substrate by the sporophores, on the yield and on the dry matter content of the fruit bodies of the first three flushes of the cultivated mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Scientia Horticulturae 27(1-2): 33-43, 1985

Influence of the depth of the casing layer and the harvesting time on changes of the water content of the casing layer and the substrate caused by 1st flush of mushrooms agaricus bisporus. Scientia Horticulturae 21(1): 9-18, 1983

Suitability of different peat types for the formulation of casing soils, and their influence on yield and average weight of the sporophores in cultivated mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin 51: 111-118, 1999

Influence of the depth of the casing layer and the harvesting time on changes of the water content of the casing layer and the substrate caused by the first flush of mushrooms. Scientia Horticulturae 21(1): 9-18, 1983

Influence of the water potential of the casing soil on crop yield and on dry matter content osmotic potential and mannitol content of the fruit bodies of agaricus bisporus. Journal of Horticultural Science 65(5): 573-582, 1990

Influence of bacteria from mushroom substrate/casing soil on Agaricus bisporus strain U3. Indian Journal of Microbiology 42(3): 219-223, 2002

Studies on the function of the casing layer in fruit body production by the cultivated Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Arch. Mikrobiol, 39: 4, 313-334, 1961

Casing layer as related to mushroom yield and quality in Agaricus bisporus in India. 2006

Interactions between fructifications of cultivated mushroom, Agaricus bisporus and Pseudomonas sp. isolated from casing soil. Turkish Journal of Biology 18(3): 213-222, 1994

Casing soil and compost substrates used in the artificial culture of agaricus bisporus the cultivated mushroom. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 7(1): 5-10, 1977

Incidence of Lecanicillium Fungicola in White-Button Mushroom (Agaricus BISPORUS) CULTIVATED WITH TWO TYPES OF CASING SOIL. Journal of Plant Pathology 95(1): 163-166, 2013

The influence on yield of mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) of the casing layer pore space volume and ease of water uptake. Compost Science and Utilization 7(4): 56-65, 1999

Agaricus bisporus (Lge.) Imb. casing layer III: casing from inert material. Mushroom science XIV, Volume 1 Proceedings of the 14th international congress on the science and cultivation of edible fungi, Oxford, UK, 17-22 Sep 1995: 333-337, 1995

The optimal time of casing for the commonly cultivated mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Champignoncultuur 19(2): 55, 57, 59, 1975

Properties of peat-based casing soils and their influence on the water relations of growth of the mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Plant and Soil 207(1 1999): 13, 1999