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Influence of the drainage basin on the eutrophication of the a mesotrophic lake piaseczno and dis eutrophication of the pond lake bikcze poland



Influence of the drainage basin on the eutrophication of the a mesotrophic lake piaseczno and dis eutrophication of the pond lake bikcze poland



Acta Hydrobiologica 18(1): 23-52



Sources of fertilization of 2 close lakes were investigated. Eutrophication of these 2 lakes can proceed through surface or ground waters flowing into the lakes from the drainage area; this inflow depends on the balance of precipitation and water evaporation. Eutrophication of Lake Piaseczno and a rapidly proceeding diseutrophication of the eutrophic Lake Bikcze [Poland] was observed. Eutrophication of this lake was inhibited by a ditch, deeper than the level of ground waters, at a small distance from its shore line. This ditch catches the water with dissolved nutrients running off the drainage basin towards the lake and, owing to the bottom gradient, carries away the waters beyond the drainage basin of the lake. The blanket peat bogs left within the circumference of ditches gradually transform into raised peat bogs as a result of the inflow of fertilizing waters. In this way the lake is supplied with yearly increasing amounts of humic acids whose particles absorb cations of mineral salts dissolved in the water causing diseutrophication of the lake. Possibilities of preventing eutrophication and initiating diseutrophication of lakes are discussed.

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Accession: 005693853

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