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Inheritance of mono terpene composition in cortical oleo resin of loblolly pine pinus taeda

Inheritance of mono terpene composition in cortical oleo resin of loblolly pine pinus taeda

Silvae Genetica 29(3-4): 141-151

ISSN/ISBN: 0037-5349

Monoterpenes in samples of cortical oleoresin from 62 parent trees and 516 progenies were analyzed by GLC. Major constituents were .alpha.-pinene, .beta.-pinene, myrcene, limonene and .beta.-phellandrene. Among trees, there was considerable variation in the relative content of these constituents, and much of it was due to genetic factors. Variation in content of all of the major constituents except .alpha.-pinene is believed to be largely controlled by 2 alleles at a single locus, with high being dominant over low in all cases. The degree of dominance was estimated to be almost complete in .beta.-pinene and limonene, low in myrcene and essentially absent in .beta.-phellandrene. Myrcene and limonene loci seemed to be closely linked. Knowledge of the inheritance patterns will enhance the use of monoterpenes as gene markers in studies of population structure and breeding mechanisms and in identifying relatives and seed origin.

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Accession: 005698512

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