Interaction of Chloroplasts with Inhibitors: Location of Carotenoid Synthesis and Inhibition during Chloroplast Development

Ridley, S.M.; Ridley, J.

Plant Physiology 63(2): 392-398


ISSN/ISBN: 0032-0889
PMID: 16660734
DOI: 10.1104/pp.63.2.392
Accession: 005722041

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The inhibitor SAN 6706 [4-chloro-5-(dimethylamino)-2-(alpha,alpha,alpha,-trifluoro- m-tolyl-3(2H)-pyridazinone] has been used to study the synthesis of carotenes and xanthophylls during the conversion of etioplasts to chloroplasts in developing barley (Hordeum vulgare) shoots. SAN 6706 inhibits carotenoid synthesis and causes an accumulation of phytoene, but it is also a potent inhibitor of chloroplast electron transport. When developing barley is treated with SAN 6706, carotenoid synthesis is inhibited but total photosynthesis is unaffected. The ability of SAN 6706 to inhibit carotenoid synthesis becomes progressively less if etiolated shoots are illuminated for increasing lengths of time before treatment. During the greening of treated barley shoots only light-induced beta-carotene synthesis is immediately inhibited; xanthophyll synthesis is not affected until after about 8 hours. The hypothesis that SAN 6706 cannot enter the chloroplast but inhibits carotenoid synthesis from the cytoplasm is discussed, and the question as to whether there are not two separate groups of enzymes for the synthesis of carotenes and xanthophylls is considered.