Interaction of laxatives with enzymes of cyclic AMP metabolism from human colonic mucosa
Simon, B.; Kather, H.
European Journal of Clinical Investigation 10(3): 231-234
ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2972 PMID: 6163635 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.1980.tb00025.x
The mechanism by which laxatives such as dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate and ricinoleic acid evoke colonic fluid secretion has been suggested to involve mucosal cyclic AMP. Ricinoleic acid and dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate were tested for their capacity to modulate the key enzymes of cAMP-metabolism--adenylate cyclase and cAMP-phosphodiesterase--in human colonic mucosa. Both laxatives were ineffective stimuli of human colonic adenylate cyclase. In contrast to ricinoleic acid, dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate was a competitive inhibitor of soluble cAMP-phosphodiesterase activity. These experiments suggest that the cathartic properties of dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate in human colonic mucosa might be mediated by cyclic AMP via inhibition of soluble phosphodiesterase activity.