Section 6
Chapter 5,725

Interaction of prostaglandins and histamine with enzymes of cyclic AMP metabolism from guinea pig gastric mucosa

Wollin, A.; Code, C.F.; Dousa, T.P.

Journal of Clinical Investigation 57(6): 1548-1553


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9738
PMID: 180055
Accession: 005724364

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Prostaglandins (PGE1, PGE2, PGA1) and histamine have opposing effects on gastric HCl secretion, but we found that both stimulate adenylate cyclase activity in cell-free membrane preparations of guinea pig gastric fundic mucosa. The stimulatory effect of prostaglandins was found in this study to be specific and dose-dependent over a concentration range from 10(-7) to 10(-4) M. In similar preparations from antral regions of guinea pig gastric mucosa, the adenylate cyclase was stimulated only by PGE1, PGE2, and PGA1 and not by histamine. Maximum stimulating doses of PGE1, PGE2, or PGA1, and of histamine had an additive effect on the adenylate cyclase activity from fundic gastric mucosa. Metiamide, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, inhibited the stimulation of fundic mucosa adenylate cyclase by histamine but did not interfere with the stimulation by prostaglandins. Cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity of guinea pig gastric mucosa was unaffected by PGE1 and PGE2 or by histamine, and was slightly depressed by PGA1. These results indicate that histamine and prostaglandins stimulate two different adenylate cyclase systems both present in guinea pig gastric mucosa tissue. Therefore, the known inhibitory effect of prostaglandins on gastric acid secretion is not related to the interference with the stimulation of the histamine H2-receptor-sensitive adenylate cyclase complex by histamine nor do prostaglandins accelerate cyclic AMP breakdown by cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase to reduce cyclic AMP levels.

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