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Isolation and characterization of glycoprotein lectins from the bark of three species of elder sambucus ebulus sambucus nigra and sambucus racemosa



Isolation and characterization of glycoprotein lectins from the bark of three species of elder sambucus ebulus sambucus nigra and sambucus racemosa



Planta (Heidelberg) 168(1): 113-118



Lectins have been isolated from the bark of three members of the family Caprifoliaceae, Sambucus nigra (elder), S. racemosa (red-berried elder) and S. ebulus (dwarf elder), by affinity chromatography on fetuin-agarose, ion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatography. They are all glycoproteins of M4 140000 made up of at least four subunits. The lectins have similar but not identical amino-acid compositions and the carbohydrate content varies between 12% and 19% (w/w), the main sugars being (n-acetyl)glucosamine, mannose, fucose and xylose. Inhibition studies of hemagglutination with various mono- and oligosaccharides have shown that N-acetylgalactosamine and galactose together with galactose-containing oligosaccharides are the most effective inhibitors. There are some differences in specificity, in particular S. ebulus agglutinin is inhibited to the same degree by galactosamine, N-acetylgalactosamine and by galactose.

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