Isolation, characterization, and comparison of a ubiquitous pigment-protein complex consisting of a reaction center and light-harvesting bacteriochlorophyll proteins present in purple photosynthetic bacteria
Ueda, T.; Morimoto, Y.; Sato, M.; Kakuno, T.; Yamashita, J.; Horio, T.
Journal of Biochemistry 98(6): 1487-1498
Protein complexes (photochemical reaction complex; PR complex) bound to both light-harvesting bacteriochlorophyll-1 (LH-Bchl-1) and reaction center Bchl (RC-Bchl) were purified from Rhodospirillum rubrum (wild and carotenoid-less), Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides (wild), and Chromatium vinosum (wild). Another protein complex (LH-2 complex) bound to LH-Bchl-2 was also purified from R. sphaeroides. The bacteria were grown in the presence of a [14C]amino acid mixture. The purification procedure included molecular-sieve chromatography in the presence of cholate-deoxycholate, and non-equilibrated isoelectric electrophoresis with 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylamino]-1-propanesulfonate. The purified complexes were separated into their constituent proteins by sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The molar ratios of the proteins were determined by comparing their radioactivities divided by their molecular weights after consideration of the molecular masses of the complexes. The PR complexes all contained per mol: 1 mol each of RC H-, M-, and L-subunits, 10-13 (probably 12) mol each of two other proteins with molecular weights of 11-12K and 8-11K, 28-32 mol Behl, 13-15 mol carotenoids (except in the carotenoid-less mutant), 2.6-3.9 mol ubiquinone (or menaquinone in C. vinosum), and 53-79 mol phosphate without phospholipid. The LH-2 complex contained per mol: 1 mol 52K protein, about 13 (probably 12) mol each of 9K and 8K proteins, 30 mol Bchl, 10 mol carotenoids, and 38 mol phosphate without phospholipid. The PR complexes and LH-2 complex showed similar X-ray diffraction patterns, implying that they had similar, highly organized molecular structures.