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Kleptocopry of aphodius coenosus coleoptera aphodiidae in nests of typhaeus typhoeus coleoptera geotrupidae and its effect on soil morphology



Kleptocopry of aphodius coenosus coleoptera aphodiidae in nests of typhaeus typhoeus coleoptera geotrupidae and its effect on soil morphology



Biology & Fertility of Soils 3(1-2): 117-120



Kleptocopry is the behaviour of adults or larvae of a certain species whereby dung masses are utilized which had been provisioned by individuals of another species for the latter's own brood. Aphodius coenosus is a kleptocoprid in nests of Typhaeus typhoeus. This is the first record of kleptocopry by A. coenosus and of a kleptocoprid in the nest of T. typhoeus. In the laboratory, newly emerged A. coenosus adults moved to the surface while back-filling their burrows. Back-filled burrows (approximately 3 mm in diameter) were also found in the field, together with back-filled burrows from T. typhoeus (approximately 14 mm in diameter). Ancient (ca. 10,000 years old) back-filling traces of the Typhaeus type reported earlier were also accompanied by small back-filling traces, similar to those made by A. coenosus. The traces made by kleptocoprid A. coenosus thus offer support to the hypothesis that the ancient large traces originate from large geotrupid dung beetles.

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