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Kwashiorkor and marasmus in ibadan nigeria 1. personal characteristics socio economic factors and method of child feeding



Kwashiorkor and marasmus in ibadan nigeria 1. personal characteristics socio economic factors and method of child feeding



Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 6(1): 8-18



Many studies from various parts of the world have stressed the complex relationship between socioeconomic factors and energy protein malnutrition (EPM). These interactions vary with time, place and community. As many as 9 biological factors affect the growth and nutritional status of Nigerian children. In no other syndrome have the interaction of social and biological factors been so apparent and their understanding so vital than in the prevention and control of EPM. Unlike other grades of EPM, kwashiorkor and marasmus are 2 distinct clinical syndromes that can be easily diagnosed. They carry high mortality and morbidity. Many cases of these syndromes are still seen daily at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. The age incidence and role of diet and infection in the causation of these syndromes are described. The complex interrelationship between personal characteristics, socioeconomic factors and child feeding practices in the causation of these syndromes is reported. An understanding of these factors may help in the prevention of severe EPM in Nigeria.

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