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Lablab bean lablab purpureus for grain and forage production in the ord irrigation area australia

Lablab bean lablab purpureus for grain and forage production in the ord irrigation area australia

Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 23(121): 162-171

Grain and forage production of 6 accessions ('Rongai,' 'Highworth,' T58/13, CPI31 113, CPI41 222 and CPI 60 216) of lablab bean were measured over 2 seasons in the Ord Irrigation Area. All accessions were quantitative short day plants, flowering during the early dry season (May-July). Forage yields at flowering were generally unaffected by sowing date for sowings made between Dec. and Feb., but declined with later sowings. There were marked differences between accessions in the forage yield at flowering, and the peak yield of 8.6 t[tons]/ha was obtained with a Dec. sowing of accessions T58/13; this comprised 3.6 t/ha of leaf containing 3.7% N and 5.0 t/ha of stem containing 1.1% N. The uptake of N by the tops between sowing and flowering ranged up to 1.8 kg/ha day-1 (194 kg N in 108 days) indicating the potential value of lablab as a green manure crop. Grain yields ranged from 0.27-3.05 t/ha over all sowing dates and accessions with the peak yield being obtained in a Feb. sowing of cv. Highworth. All accessions became smaller and bushier as sowing was delayed. This facilitated harvesting for grain. Cutting and removal of foliage at the onset of flowering led to rapid regrowth and renewed flowering, and gave grain yields up to 90% of those obtained from undefoliated treatments. The cv. Highworth was best for grain production and for dual purpose forage and grain production.

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