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Labor hygiene in application of pesticides in hop growing



Labor hygiene in application of pesticides in hop growing



Gigiena i Sanitariia (3): 94-95



A study was made of the working conditions of operators and the dynamics of the content of pesticides in objects of the environment during ground and aircraft spraying of hop fields. The organophosphoric pesticides phosphoamide and methylmercaptophos were sprayed at 3.2 kg/ha from the air and 5.6 kg/ha from the ground (sprayer mounted on a tractor). Both forms of spraying resulted in pollution of the area surrounding the fields with airborne phosphamide concentrations of 1.85 mg/m3 and 0.08 mg/kg on plants found at a distance of 110 m. Methylmercaptophos was found at the same distance in concentrations of 0.54 mg/m3 (air) and 0.18 mg/kg (on plants), illustrating the danger of contamination of water bodies, other crops and living quarters. Helicopter pilots and tractor operators are subjected to levels of chemical and physical factors (pesticides, dust, temperature, noise) often exceeding hygienic norms, while workers preparing the pesticides suffer exposure to skin and respiratory organs.

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