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Laboratory and in situ studies on larval development and swimming performance of pacific herring clupea harengus pallasi



Laboratory and in situ studies on larval development and swimming performance of pacific herring clupea harengus pallasi



Helgolaender Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen 32(4): 539-549



Pacific herring C. h pallasi larvae were caught alive in Departure Bay, British Columbia Canada, after being attracted towards light. Growth of larvae was observed during a 5 wk period. Larval total length (measured in live anesthetized specimens) during this period increased from 8 to 28 mm. Development of condition factor was observed through the yolk-sac stage until the early post yolk-sac stage. Condition factor decreased linearly in yolk-sac larvae and increased in post yolk-sac specimens. Swimming performance of Pacific herring larvae in their natural habitat was studied during the day by direct observations and compared with laboratory investigations conducted with wild and laboratory-reared larvae. In the laboratory (black 35 cm diameter tanks, 10.degree. C) wild larvae swam more slowly and were less active (measured as % active time) than in their natural habitat. Laboratory reared larvae showed depressed activity when compared with wild larvae observed in the sea. This was attributed to deprivation of stimuli in confined containers which might have some bearing on the validity of data gained from controlled ecosystem experiments.

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