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Laboratory development and description of immature stages of scoloposcelis mississippensis and lyctocoris elongatus hemiptera heteroptera anthocoridae predators of southern pine bark beetles coleoptera scolytidae



Laboratory development and description of immature stages of scoloposcelis mississippensis and lyctocoris elongatus hemiptera heteroptera anthocoridae predators of southern pine bark beetles coleoptera scolytidae



Annals of the Entomological Society of America 76(5): 868-872



Mean developmental times (days) in the laboratory (26.degree. C) for S. mississippensis Drake and Harris were: egg 6.4; 1st stadium 3.8; 2nd stadium 2.7; 3rd stadium 3.4; 4th stadium 4.1; 5th stadium 5.5; and adult 30.9. For L. elongatus (Reuter) the mean developmental times were: egg 6.1; 1st stadium 3.4; 2nd stadium 2.9; 3rd stadium 3.4; 4th stadium 6.3; 5th stadium 12.3; and adult 35.1. The developmental time of S. mississippensis was significantly longer at fluctuating temperatures of 16.degree. C night and 26.degree. C day. Female S. mississippensis have a mean adult life span of 37.7 days and laid a mean of 38 eggs each. Female L. elongatus, with a mean adult life span of 33.3 days, laid a mean of 98 eggs each. L. elongatus (74%) and 68% of S. mississippensis eggs were viable under laboratory conditions. Instars and eggs were measured, described and illustrated.

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