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Laboratory evaluation of the anti coagulants coumatetralyl and brodifacoum against rattus argentiventer in peninsular malaysia



Laboratory evaluation of the anti coagulants coumatetralyl and brodifacoum against rattus argentiventer in peninsular malaysia



Tropical Pest Management 28(2): 126-130



In laboratory toxicity tests using individually-caged rice field rats, R. argentiventer (Robinson et Kloss), complete mortality occurred when the rats were fed on broken rice/corn oil bait containing 0.0375% coumatetralyl for 4 days. Equivalent kills were obtained when rats were fed 0.002% and 0.005% brodifacoum for 1 day. Both compounds were more toxic than warfarin at 0.025%. Choice tests showed that 0.001% and 0.0005% brodifacoum were as acceptable as 0.025% warfarin, but higher concentrations and 0.005% and 0.0375% coumatetralyl were poorly accepted. The potential advantages of coumatetralyl and brodifacoum over other rodenticides for the control of R. argentiventer in rice fields in Malaysia are discussed.

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