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Laboratory feeding studies of potential predators of the apple maggot rhagoletis pomonella diptera tephritidae in ontario canada



Laboratory feeding studies of potential predators of the apple maggot rhagoletis pomonella diptera tephritidae in ontario canada



Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 106: 28-33



The prey-finding and attack capabilities of potential predators of the pupae and larvae of the apple maggot, R. pomonella (Walsh), found on the surface of 2 orchards on insecticide-free management programs, were tested in a laboratory. Sowbugs, Oniscus laevis (Koch), centipedes, Lithobius forficatus (L.), earwigs, Forficula auricularia L., ground beetles, Calosoma calidum F. and Harpalus pennsylvanicus DeGeer, and rove beetles, Staphylinus badipes Lec., effectively detected, disinterred, and consumed apple maggot pupae. Millipedes, Oxidus rathkei (Koch), attacked a few pupae. These predators, in addition to the crickets, previously tested, appeared to be potential mortality factors of the pupae in orchards. Earwigs and 2 of the species of beetles attacked mature apple maggot larvae in the laboratory.

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