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Laboratory studies on peristenus pallipes and peristenus pseudopallipes hymenoptera braconidae parasitoids of the tarnished plant bug lygus lineolaris hemiptera heteroptera miridae



Laboratory studies on peristenus pallipes and peristenus pseudopallipes hymenoptera braconidae parasitoids of the tarnished plant bug lygus lineolaris hemiptera heteroptera miridae



Canadian Entomologist 108(8): 815-821



Development of P. pallipes from egg to emerged larva in the tarnished plant bug lasts 24.49 .+-. 2.38 days at 25.degree. C/16 h and 20.degree. C 8 h and 77 .+-. 5% RH [relative humidity] with 16 h illumination. Eggs of P. pseudopallipes need 72-96 h to hatch under this regime. At least 3 distinct larval stages can be recognized without special staining procedures. The 1st instar larva is a caudate-mandibulate type. The 2nd larval stage is acaudate and lives in the host hemocoel. The 3rd larval stage is also acaudate and emerges from the host. The pupa is an exarate type dispausing in a cocoon. P. pseudopallipes is an arrhenotokous species. Longevity of adults in the laboratory is .apprx. 16 days. The adult oviposits into the host abdomen. Survival of diapausing pupae is better at 16 h photophase than at 8 h photophase.

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Laboratory studies on Peristenus pallipes and Peristenus pseudopallipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoids of the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Hemiptera: Miridae). Canadian entomologist: 108 (8) 815-821, 1976

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