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Lactosylation of albumin reduces uptake rate of dibromosulfophthalein in perfused rat liver and dissociation rate from albumin in vitro

Lactosylation of albumin reduces uptake rate of dibromosulfophthalein in perfused rat liver and dissociation rate from albumin in vitro

Hepatology 7(4): 688-695

Two types of models have recently been proposed to describe hepatic uptake kinetics of protein bound drugs: a model in which dissociation from plasma protein is rate limiting the process, and a model in which an interaction between protein and hepatocyte surface is thought to promote dissociation and uptake of the drug. This study was designed to investigate several aspects of both models, using lactosylated albumin as a bindng protein that can interact with the Ashwell receptor abundantly present on the hepatocyte. Dibromosulfophthalein clearance was studied in rat liver in the presence of 150 .mu.M (1%) albumin or 150 .mu.M lactosylated albumin. Initial disappearance rate from perfusate in the presence of lactosylated albumin indicated a 2-fold decrease in hepatic uptake rate compared with native albumin. This was confirmed by compartmental analysis, showing a similar decrease in hepatic uptake rate constant. Protein binding of dibromosulfophthalein to lactosylated albumin was only marginally different from normal albumin. Consequently, modification of the protein retarded uptake of the organic anion at an essentially unchanged unbound concentration. Fluorescence spectroscopy of lactosylated albumin showed a blue-shifted tryptophan emission spectrum compared with albumin, indicating increased hydrophobicity of the neoglycoprotin, We therefore considered a change in off- and-on rate for binding of dibromosulfophthalein to lactosylated albumin. Rapid filtration experiments indicated that the dissociation rate constant of dibromosulfophathalein from lactosylated albumin was half that of controls. We conclude that the decreased off-rate from lactosylated albumin can explain the retarding influence on hepatic uptake rate of dibromosulfophthalein. This observation argues for the concept of dissociation-limited uptake iin the hepatic clearance of the organic anion.

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Accession: 005791601

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3610047

DOI: 10.1002/hep.1840070412

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