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Modulation of natural cyto toxicity by allo antibodies 4. a comparative study of the activation of mouse spleen cell cyto toxicity by anti h 2 anti sera interferon and mitogens



Modulation of natural cyto toxicity by allo antibodies 4. a comparative study of the activation of mouse spleen cell cyto toxicity by anti h 2 anti sera interferon and mitogens



Cellular Immunology 63(1): 28-41



Comparisons were made between the characteristics of cytotoxicity activation in mouse spleen cells, induced by specific anti-H-2 antiserum, interferon (IF), interferon inducer (poly (I:C) and mitogens (concanavalin A (Con A), pokeweed mitogen (PWM)). Important differences were found in the cytotoxicity activation associated with these agents. The cytotoxic enhancing effect of anti-H-2 antiserum was comparatively rapid and was more pronounced in the first 4 h of the assay; IF, poly (I:C) and the mitogens were most effective at 20 h. Anti-IF antiserum could neutralize the stimulatory effects of IF and poly (I:C) on the cytotoxic activity of mouse spleen cells but had no influence on the stimulatory effects of anti-H-2 antiserum, PWM and succinyl Con A. The stimulatory effect of anti-H-2 serum was target specific and was observed when the K562 cell line was used as the target but not when YAC, P815 or WFu/G1 target cell lines were used. Stimulatory effects of all the other agents were nonspecific and did not depend on the target cells employed. Cellular fractionation studies suggested that the alloantisera and interferon directly activated the natural killer (NK) cells without any participation of T-cells, B-cells or macrophages. Both T-cells and NK cells contributed to the mitogen-enhanced cytotoxicity of mouse spleen cells. The mechanism by which anti-H-2 antisera induce NK augmentation in mouse spleen cells apparently is distinct from that of interferon and mitogens.

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