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Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during surgical procedures on the thoracoabdominal aorta i. relationship of aortic cross clamp duration changes in somatosensory evoked potentials and incidence of neurologic dysfunction



Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during surgical procedures on the thoracoabdominal aorta i. relationship of aortic cross clamp duration changes in somatosensory evoked potentials and incidence of neurologic dysfunction



Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 94(2): 260-265



To determine if intraoperative monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials detects spinal cord ischemica, we subjected 21 dogs to aortic cross-clamping distal to the left subclavian artery. Group I animals (short-term studies, n = 6) demonstrated decay and loss of somatosensory evoked potentials at 8.5 .+-. 1.1 minutes after aortic cross-clamping. During loss of somatosensory evoked potentials, significant decreases in spinal cord blood flow occurred in cord segments below T6. Significant reactive hyperemia occurred without normalization of somatosensory evoked potentials after reperfusion. Fifteen Group II animals (long-term studies) were studied to determine the relationship between duration of spinal cord ischemia (evoked potential loss) and subsequent incidence of paraplegia. Extension of aortic cross-clamping for 5 minutes after loss of somatosensory evoked potentials in six dogs resulted in no paraplegia (mean cross-clamp time 12.7 .+-. 0.6 minutes). Prolongation of aortic cross-clamping for 10 minutes after evoked potential loss in nine dogs (mean cross-clamp time 17.6 .+-. 0.6 minutes) resulted in a 67% (6/9) incidence of paraplegia 7 days postoperatively (p = 0.02 versus 10 minutes of aortic cross-clamping). These findings demonstrate that simple aortic cross-clamping uniformly results in spinal cord ischemia and that such ischemia is detectable by monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials. Duration of ischemia, as measured by the time of evoked potential loss during the cross-clamp interval, is related to the incidence of postoperative neurologic injury.

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Accession: 005921577

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PMID: 3613625


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