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Monoclonal antibody analysis of bovine epithelial keratins. Specific pairs as defined by coexpression

Monoclonal antibody analysis of bovine epithelial keratins. Specific pairs as defined by coexpression

Journal of Biological Chemistry 261(10): 4646-4654

We have characterized the keratin proteins of various bovine epithelial tissues by one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, coupled with the immunoblot technique using AE1, AE2, AE3, AE5, CA20, BE14, and 6.11 monoclonal antikeratin antibodies. The results indicate that all known bovine keratins can be divided into two subfamilies. The "acidic" (Type I) subfamily consists of 41-, 43-, 45-, 46-, 50-, 54-, 56-, and 56.5-kDa keratins, all of which have a pI of less than 5.6, and most of them are recognized by our AE1 antibody, whereas the "neutral-to-basic" (Type II) subfamily consists of 55-, 57-, 58-, 62-65-, 66-, and 67-kDa keratins, all of which have a pI of greater than 6.0 and are recognized by our AE3 antibody. Tissue distribution data and cell culture studies show that, within the two subfamilies, keratins with similar "size ranks" form a "pair" as defined by frequent co-expression. Furthermore, within most "keratin pairs," the basic keratin is larger than the acidic one by 8-10 kDa. These results provide further support for the concepts of "keratin subfamilies" and keratin pairs and are consistent with the possibility that the acidic and basic members of at least some keratin pairs may interact specifically during in vivo tonofilament assembly and/or function. Immunoblotting data derived from the use of several monospecific antibodies show that although the size, charge, and pattern of expression of most bovine keratins are similar to those of the human counterparts, there are important exceptions to this rule.

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Accession: 005924222

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PMID: 2420789

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