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Mortal cryptococcosis in a pet bird enthusiast a case a contribution to pathology diagnosis and epidemiology of cryptococcosis



Mortal cryptococcosis in a pet bird enthusiast a case a contribution to pathology diagnosis and epidemiology of cryptococcosis



Zentralblatt fuer Bakteriologie Mikrobiologie und Hygiene Series A 256(2): 231-238



In a 69 yr old female patient who had been a pet bird enthusiast, cryptococcosis of the CNS was established as the cause of death postmortem. Clinically, a diagnosis of cirrhosis of the liver associated with atypical coma hepaticum had been suspected. Apart from damage due to alcohol abuse, no other underlying disease was found. The feces of a budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) was suggested as the probable source of infection. Using Guizotia abyssinica creatinine agar, Crytococcus neoformans was isolated from dry fecal matter collected from the bird cage. In a pet shop in the neighborhood of the patient's home, fecal matter from various pet bird species was collected. Using the same method, the presence of C. neoformans was revealed. Masses of pigeon manure found in the garret of the patient's house did not contain C. neoformans. The epidemiological significance of the fecal matter of pet birds as a habitat for C. neoformans is discussed.

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