National parks in great britain uk and the achievement of nature conservation purposes

Brotherton, I.

Biological Conservation 22(2): 85-100


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3207
Accession: 005957524

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The 10 National Park Authorities of England and Wales [UK] are concerned mainly with landscape conservation and provision for outdoor recreation. Nature conservation is not a primary park purpose and only 1 authority has its own nature reserves. Nature conservation purposes are pursued in the parks as elsewhere by the Nature Conservancy Council and by the appropriate County Conservation Trust. The achievements of these 2 organizations.sbd.the former national and governmental, the latter local and voluntary.sbd.are compared and contrasted. The number of National Nature Reserves established by the Nature Conservancy Council in each park is consistent with the park's nature conservation interest as nationally assessed. The Conservancy have treated the parks much as it has treated the rest of the country. Local Conservation Trusts have also accorded the parks no more-but also no less-attention than elsewhere. Trust reserves are uniformally distributed throughout the counties of England and Wales. This pattern corresponds with the distribution of Trust members and arises because memberships rates tend to be highest in the more rural areas (including the National Parks) where absolute population levels are low. The National Park Authorities themselves have all but neglected nature conservation purposes in the parks. This lack of interest is consistent with the low priority afforded to nature conservation by local authorities in general and by rural authorities in particular.