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Nucleotide sequence of the thymidylate synthase B and dihydrofolate reductase genes contained in one Bacillus subtilis operon



Nucleotide sequence of the thymidylate synthase B and dihydrofolate reductase genes contained in one Bacillus subtilis operon



Gene 64(1): 9



The nucleotide sequence of the thymidylate synthase B (thyB) and dihydrofolate reductase (dfrA) gene regions from wild-type and trimethoprim-resistant (TpR) mutant strains of Bacillus subtilis 168 was determined. The sequenced region contains two open reading frames, ORF1 and ORF2, which correspond to thyB and dfrA, respectively, and overlap by one nucleotide. The thyB-dfrA genes encode 267 and 168 amino acid polypeptides, respectively, and are present in the order of thyB - dfrA in 5'----3' orientation. This gene order differs from those which have been found in other organisms so far. S1 mapping analysis indicated that both genes were transcribed from a single promoter located upstream from the thyB gene. Thus, the genes belong to an operon. A nucleotide substitution from 'A' in the wild type to 'C' in the TpR mutant was located in the dfrA gene region, with predicted conversion of isoleucine-95 (wild type) to leucine-95 (mutant) in dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). It is suggested that the affinity between DHFR and Tp is reduced by this alteration.

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Accession: 006006004

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PMID: 2840350

DOI: 10.1016/0378-1119(88)90476-3


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