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On the growth and productivity of the european plane platanus orientalis and possibilities for its utilization when establishing intensive forest plantations

On the growth and productivity of the european plane platanus orientalis and possibilities for its utilization when establishing intensive forest plantations

Gorskostopanska Nauka 23(1): 29-36

The study is conducted in plantations from European plane (Platanus orientalis L.) aged 22 years with density 2.0 .times. 1.5 m established in the valleys along Tundzha river and plantations aged 4 years with density 2 .times. 1 m in the locality Ormana, Jambol forestry on burried alluvial soil with chernozem layer formed over it, rich in humus and nutritive elements. The growth and productivity of the plane are compared with those of honey-locust (Gleditsia triacanthos L.), the ash (Fraxinus oxycarpa Willd.) at the same density of the plantations.sbd.2 .times. 1.5 m and of the popular (Populus .times. eur. regenerata) at a density of 3 .times. 4 m. It is established that at the age of 22 years of the plantations the timber volume of the poular is 226.7 m3/ha, of the plane 226.4 m3/ha, of the ash 139.7m3/ha and of the honeylocust 130.2 m3/ha. The mean increment of the plane is 10.3 m3/ha and the current annual increment during the last 5 years is 13.0 m3/ha. The plane develops stronger root system and utilizes more fully the moisture and the nutritive substances in the soil than the poplar. After the age of 15 years it manifests better growth in height and diameter than the popular. In the young age it is distinguished by exclusively rapid growth and reaches increment in height above 2 m. Under these site growing conditions the plane is a perspective tree species for accelerated production of large building timber.

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