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Origin of domestic fowl comparison of skeletons in domestic fowl and wild fowl



Origin of domestic fowl comparison of skeletons in domestic fowl and wild fowl



Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 56(10): 1511-1521



Data on remains of fowls of the genus Gallus, recently described from the Paleolith and Neolith of Ukraine, Moldavia and Georgia [USSR] led to critical evaluation of Darwin's theory of domestic fowl origin. Whether these wild or already domestic breeds was not established. Skeletons of the wild fowl G. gallus jabouillei and the domestic fowl (Leghorn, Moscow meat, Bantam) were compared. The ratios of bone size were very close in both cases. The principal differences were in the form and size of pelvis and sternum. The most bones differed in detail. Many differences were of functional value. Relief aspects (tuberosites, ridges, fossae, etc.) were more pronounced in the domestic fowl, except on the tarsometatarsus. These differences seemed due to different structure of muscles and their insertions.

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