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Outbreak of nun moth lymantria monacha in poland between 1978 and 1984

Outbreak of nun moth lymantria monacha in poland between 1978 and 1984

Anzeiger fuer Schaedlingskunde Pflanzenschutz Umweltschutz 59(5): 81-86

The paper reports details on the outbreak of Nun Moth (Lymantria monacha L.) in Poland during 1978/1984. Chemical control was necessary on more than 6.3 mill. ha making this outbreak one of the most serious ever noticed. Start and expansion of the outbreak are described in detail. Above all pure stands of Scots pine were affected (80% of the infestation area), only during the advanced stages of the outbreak followed by mixed stands and pure Norway spruce. Mechanisms of self regulation by antagonists started obviously late and produced no visible effect upon the wide spread high densities of the pest. Technical details are reported about the Nun Moth survey and control measures in Poland. Pyrethroids of various sources proved to be most successful chemicals for control. The applications were mainly made by air. On the peak of the outbreak in 1982 159 airplanes and 23 helicopters were in action. Finally some observations on the regeneration of damaged stands are reported. Total losses.sbd.mainly of Norway spruce.sbd.were found to be of surprising low dimensions (about 0.5% of the infestation area).

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