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Parsnip pastinaca sativa seed production effects of seed crop plant density seed position on the mother plant harvest date and method and seed grading on embryo and seed size and seedling performance



Parsnip pastinaca sativa seed production effects of seed crop plant density seed position on the mother plant harvest date and method and seed grading on embryo and seed size and seedling performance



Annals of Applied Biology 107(3): 559-570



Parsnip seeds from four years of seed production (1980-83) were used to examine the effects of position of the seed on the parent plant and several cultural factors on seed and embryo growth and seedling performance. Maximum seed dry weight was reached c. 50 days after flowering (DAF) but embryos continued to grow for a further 7-15 days. The coefficient of variation (C.V.) of seed weight fell from c. 35-40% at 40 DAF, to about 20-25% at maturity. The corresponding figures for C.V. of embryo length were 25-35% at the early harvest and 12-15% at maturity. The effects of seed position, plant density, harvest method, seed grading after harvest on seedling emergence and weight characters were small. Harvesting seeds c. 60 DAF gave, on average, 3.3 days earlier emergence, c. 3.6 days lower 'spread' of emergence time and c. 9% higher seedling emergence than harvesting 2 wk earlier. Late harvesting of the seed crop reduced the C.V. of seedling weight from 53 to 46%, on average, but there were variations in response from year to year. Seedling emergence and seedling weight characters were more closely related to embryo length than to seed weight characters.

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Accession: 006064639

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1985.tb03172.x



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