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Pea xyloglucan and cellulose v. xyloglucan cellulose interactions in vitro and in vivo



Pea xyloglucan and cellulose v. xyloglucan cellulose interactions in vitro and in vivo



Plant Physiology 83(2): 384-389



Since xyloglucan is believed to bind to cellulose microfibrils in the primary cell walls of higher plants and, when isolated from the walls, can also bind to cellulose in vitro, the binding mechanism of xyloglucan to cellulose was furather investigated using rdioiodinated pea xylogucan. A time course for the binding showed that the radioiodinated xyloglucan continued to be bound for at least 4 hours at 40.degree.C. Binding was inhibited above pH 6. Binding capacity was shown to vary for celluloses of different origin and was directly related to the relative surface area of the microfibrils. The binding of xyloglucan to cellulose was very specific and was not affected by the presence of a 10-fold excess of (1 .fwdarw. 2)-.beta.-glucan, (1 .fwdarw. 3)-.beta.-glucan, (1 .fwdarw. 6)-.beta.-glucan, (1 .fwdarw. 3, 1 .fwdarw. 4)-.beta.-glucan, arabinogalactan, or pectin. When xyloglucan (0.1%) was added to a cellulose-forming culture of Acetobacter xylinum, cellulose ribbon structures was partially disrupted indicating an association of xyloglucan with cellulose at the time of synthesis. Such a result suggests that the small size of primary wall microfibrils in higher plants may well be due to the binding of xyloglucan to cellulose during synthesis which prevents fasciation of small fibrils into larger bundles. Fluorescent xyloglucan was used to stain pea cell wall ghosts prepared to contain only the native xyloglucan:cellulose network or only cellulose. Ghosts containing only cellulose showed strong fluorescence when prepared before or after elongation; as predicted, the presence of native xyloglucan in the ghosts repressed binding of added fluorescent xyloglucan. Such ghosts, prepared after elongation when the ratio of native xyloglucan:cellulose is substantially reduced, still showed only faint fluorescence, indicating that microfibrils continue to be coated with xyloglucan throughout the growth period.

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Accession: 006076276

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PMID: 16665254


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