Penetration of 7 common flexible packaging materials by larvae and adults of 11 species of stored product insects

Cline, L.D.

Journal of Economic Entomology 71(5): 726-729

1978


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-0493
Accession: 006078220

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Abstract
The ability of larvae to penetrate flexible packaging materials was determined for large and small larvae of 11 spp. of stored-product insects. These insects were confined individually, with or without food, in small pouches made of cellophane, polyethylene, paper, polyvinylchloride, aluminum foil, polyester or polypropylene. Larvae of Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel), Cathartus quadricollis (Guerin-Meneville) and Cryptolestes pusillus (Schoenherr) made no penetrations. Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) larvae were very weak penetrators. Only Tenebroides mauritanicus (L.) and Trogoderma variabile Ballion larvae penetrated all 7 materials. Larvae of the 5 other spp., Dermestes maculatus De Geer, Lasioderma serricorne (F.), Ephestia cautella (Walker), Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton) and Plodia interpunctella (Huebner), penetrated 5 of of the 7 materials. Foil, polyester and polypropylene were generally the most resistant to penetration. Larvae of all species generally showed a much greater propensity to penetrate when confined without food. Many penetrations occurred within 24 h and most occurred with 1 wk. Some larvae that did not penetrate and subsequently transformed into adults made more penetrations as adults than as larvae. The locations of the penetrations in the vertically positioned pouches were predominantly in the bottom half of the pouches and in a zone 0-1 cm from the folds.