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Performance of sod seeded temperate legumes in grass dominant swards



Performance of sod seeded temperate legumes in grass dominant swards



Canadian Journal of Plant Science 64(3): 643-650



Small plot experiments and field scale trials were conducted to determine the establishment and growth of sod-seeded alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), white clover (T. repens L.) and birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) in fine sandy loam soils on Prince Edward Island [Canada]. Both pasture and hayfield managements were included. A John Deere PowrTill 1500 drill was used for sod-seeding and various combinations of grazing, herbicides and clipping were used for vegetation suppression during establishment of the legumes. Sod-seeded red and white clovers established the best and were the most productive species. In the postseeding year sod-seeding of clovers resulted in yields comparable to stands fertilized with 100-150 kg N .cntdot. ha-1 annually. Trefoil and alfalfa had variable establishment and usually made a limited contribution to sward productivity. Timothy [Phleum pratense] sod-seeded in conjunction with red clover, white clover or alfalfa established satisfactorily with all 3 legume species used.

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Accession: 006083379

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