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Performance of tropical pasture legumes grown in southwestern islands of japan 2. dry matter production digestible dry matter yields and nitrogen yields of macroptilium atropurpureum cultivar siratro and rhodes grass chloris gayana cultivar pioneer grown in pure stands and in mixed stands



Performance of tropical pasture legumes grown in southwestern islands of japan 2. dry matter production digestible dry matter yields and nitrogen yields of macroptilium atropurpureum cultivar siratro and rhodes grass chloris gayana cultivar pioneer grown in pure stands and in mixed stands



Grassland Science 29(1): 44-54



The tropical pasture legume Siratro (M. atropurpureum cv. Siratro) has shown potential in dry matter production in southwestern islands of Japan. It was grown in pure stands and in mixed stands with rhodes grass (C. gayana cv. Pioneer) and were compared with Rhodes grass grown in pure stands applied with 4 levels of N regarding in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of plant top, digestible dry matter (DDM) yield, N concentration in plant top, and N yield. IVDMD, which was higher in Siratro than in Rhodes grass, decreased in both species during periods of high temperature and low rain fall. Annual yields of DDM amounted to 660 .apprx. 790 kg/10a [are] in pure stands of Siratro and 550 .apprx. 670 kg/10a in mixed stands of Siratro and Rhodes grass in the 2nd year. This was equivalent to yields in pure stands of Rhodes grass with 24 .apprx. 34 kg N/10a in pure stands. N concentration in plants tops was higher in Siratro than in Rhodes grass and showed lower values during periods of high temperature. Annual yields of N amounted to 38 .apprx. 42 kg/10a in pure stands of Siratro and 24 .apprx. 31 kg/10a in mixed stands of Siratro and Rhodes grass in the 2nd year. This was equivalent to the yields in pure Rhodes grass with 45 .apprx. 78 kg N/10a in the pure stands. Siratro appeared to be a promising legume for growing in the southwestern islands of Japan.

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Related references

Performance of tropical pasture legumes grown in south-western islands of Japan. II. Dry matter production, digestible dry matter yields and nitrogen yields of Siratro and Rhodes grass grown in pure and mixed stands. Journal of Japanese Society of Grassland Science 29(1): 44-54, 1983

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