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Phage typing of Staphylococcus epidermidis

Phage typing of Staphylococcus epidermidis

Journal of Clinical Microbiology 3(5): 519-523

Thirteen phages [native] were isolated from lysogenic cultures of S. epidermidis from a clinical laboratory and used to type 223 clinical [human] isolates of this organism. The 18 phages isolated in The Netherlands were used to type these same cultures. No correlation was observed between phage type, biotype or clinical source of isolation. At phage concentrations of 100 times the routine test dilution, 35.0% of the cultures were typable with native phages and 21.5% were typable with the phages from The Netherlands. When only cultures in biotype 1 were considered, 43.3 and 24.1% of 141 cultures were typable with native phages and those from The Netherlands, respectively. The lytic reactions obtained with native phages were generally stronger and easier to read and the lytic patterns were, almost invariably, shorter. The typability of untypable cultures was increased 12.0% by incubation at C prior to phage typing and 20% by heat shock ( C for 5 min) prior to typing. Phage typing 5 subcultures of 20 typable cultures on 5 successive days showed that the lytic patterns were reproducible. The present status of phage typing S. epidermidis and the work needed to obtain a set of typing phages for epidemiological studies of infections by this organism are discussed.

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Accession: 006092295

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PMID: 132457

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