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Phosphorus fertilization and sugar yields of fall planted sugar beets beta vulgaris



Phosphorus fertilization and sugar yields of fall planted sugar beets beta vulgaris



Agronomy Journal 75(2): 185-188



Fall planted sugarbeets (B. vulgaris L.) are commonly subjected to low winter soil temperatures which contribute to low available soil P. Two field experiments were conducted near Phoenix, Arizona [USA] to determine the effects of P fertilizer and feedlot manure on residual available P and sugarbeet production. Sugarbeets grown on a Laveen clay loam (Coarse/loamy, mixed, hyperthermic Typic Calciorthid) soil that had not received P fertilizer for 10 yr were compared with those grown on the same soil that had received annual applications of P fertilizer prior to that crop. The effect of residual P was studied at 4 levels of N (0-300 kg N ha-1). Another experiment on the same soil type evaluated residual P from manure applied at rates of 22, 45 and 67 Mg ha-1 2 seasons prior to that crop. Maintaining a high level of residual P by applying P fertilizer to other crops in the rotation was an effective method of avoiding P deficiency in sugarbeets. Both sucrose concentration and sugar yield were influenced by high residual soil P. Soluble P measurements in petioles collected when soils were cold were generally related to sucrose concentration. Winter month soil temperatures as low as 6% C were observed in the Phoenix area. Sugarbeets responded equally to P fertilized soil relatively high in residual soil P compared with soil having residual P from feedlot manure with P fertilizer applied 2 yr earlier.

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