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Photochemical labeling of membrane hydrophobic core of human erythrocytes using a new photoactivable reagent 2 tritiated diazofluorene






Journal of Biological Chemistry 262(17): 8242-8251

Photochemical labeling of membrane hydrophobic core of human erythrocytes using a new photoactivable reagent 2 tritiated diazofluorene

Photoactivable reagents have been useful for studying the structural aspects of membrane hydrophobic core. We have reported earlier (Anjaneyulu, P. S. R., and Lala, A. K. (1982) FEBS Lett. 146, 165-167) the use of diazofluorene as a probe for fluorescent photochemical labeling of hydrophobic core in artificial membranes. To quantitate and enhance the monitoring ability of this probe, we have synthesized 2-[3H]diazofluorene of high specific activity. This reagent rapidly partitions into phosphatidylcholine vesicles and selectively labels the fatty acyl chains of phosphatidylcholine. The insertion yield (13%) is not affected by the presence of scavengers like reduced glutathione. 2-[3H]Diazofluorene also readily partitions into erythrocyte membranes and on photolysis labels the membrane. The overall insertion was 48% with 9.7% in protein fraction and the rest in lipids. The distribution of radioactivity in labeled protein fraction was restricted to integral membrane proteins with Band 3 being the major protein labeled. There is little or no labeling associated with extrinsic proteins like spectrin. Further analysis of labeled Band 3 by treatment with chymotrypsin indicated that the labeling was restricted to the membrane spanning CH-17 and CH-35 fragments. No labeling of the cytoplasmic fragment of Band 3 could be observed. 2-[3H]Diazofluorene should prove useful for studying integral membrane proteins and their membrane-spanning regions.

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Accession: 006110091



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