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Physiological action of ethylene in crop plants 5. effects of water and compost on the ethylene production from soil



Physiological action of ethylene in crop plants 5. effects of water and compost on the ethylene production from soil



Japanese Journal of Crop Science 49(2): 359-365



Studies were planned to estimate the effect of ethylene in rhizosphere on root growth. This experiments were carried out to determine the ethylene production from soil as affected by application of water, compost and methionine, an ethylene precursor in plant. The rapid evolution of ethylene occurred within 1 day after application of water to dry soil. The larger the application of water to the dry soil, the greater was the ethylene evolution from the soil. The peak of ethylene production occurred 5 days after soil submergence, although the pattern of ethylene production was different depending on the condition of the soil. Ethylene production from the soil in submerged condition was 5-7 times that of upland soil. A soil sterilizing test, indicated that ethylene production in submerged conditions might be mainly due to microorganisms while in upland conditions non-micro-organic evolution of ethylene might be the main source. Compost produced 100-500 times as much ethylene as dry soil. Ethylene production from soil was closely related to the amount of compost applied. Ethylene production was greatly stimulated by methionine application. Ethylene in the rhizosphere may act directly on root growth, and ethylene production in soil can be controlled by such as application of water, compost and methionine.

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Accession: 006117160

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