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Pleistocene mammals from lost chicken creek alaska usa

Pleistocene mammals from lost chicken creek alaska usa

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 17(2): 168-198

Ten species of Pleistocene mammals [Homo sp., Panthera leo atrox (Leidy), Mammuthus primigenius, Equus (Asinus) lambei Hay, E. (A.) cf. kiang (Moorcroft), Cervus elaphus Linnaeus, Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus), Bison crassicornis, Symbos cavifrons and Ovis ? dalli Nelson] are represented in a collection of fossils from a placer mining site at Lost Chicken Creek. Among these are 4 extinct species, an extinct subspecies, 2 spp. now extinct in the region, and 3 spp. that still occupy the area. B. crassicornis (large-horned bison), E. (A.) lambei (Yukon wild ass) and R. tarandus (caribou) remains are commonest. E. (A.) cf. kiang (kiang-like wild ass) is recorded for the 1st time from Alaska. These mammals seem to have occupied a cool steppe-like grassland during the last Wisconsin time. Bones of horse, wapiti, bison and helmeted musk-ox (Symbos) have yielded radiocarbon dates between 27,000-10,000 yr BP. The dated bison bone was modified by man, indicating that people were present, and probably hunting and butchering bison, in easternmost Alaska at the close of the Wisconsin glaciation.

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Accession: 006135674

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DOI: 10.1139/e80-015

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