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Poly saccharides and glyco proteins in the rice endosperm cell wall



Poly saccharides and glyco proteins in the rice endosperm cell wall



Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 42(12): 2259-2266



Endosperm cell walls were isolated from rice grains and their chemical composition was analyzed. The cell walls were composed of cellulose microfibrils and matrix phase which consisted of hemicellulose and pectic substances. Hemicellulose mainly comprised arabinoxylan, accompanied by a small amount of glucose-containing polysaccharide. Pectic substances contained polygalacturonides, some of which had side chains containing neutral sugars such as galactose and arabinose. Amino acid analysis of these fractions suggested that hydroxyproline-containing glycoproteins were contained in these cell walls and firmly bound to cellulose microfibrils.

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