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Post translational import of fatty acyl coenzyme a oxidase and catalase into peroxisomes of rat liver in vitro



Post translational import of fatty acyl coenzyme a oxidase and catalase into peroxisomes of rat liver in vitro



Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(9): 5603-5609



Total polysomal RNA of rat liver was translated in vitro in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate system. The translation products were mixed with a postnuclear supernatant fraction of rat liver and incubated post-translationally at 26.degree. C for 15-60 min. The import assay mixture was separated into a particulate fraction and supernatant by centrifugation, both of which were analyzed by immunoprecipitation with a goat antibody against rat liver peroxisomal proteins, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis [SDS-PAGE] and fluorography. One peroxisomal translation product (MW 72,000) appeared in the particulate fraction, was partly proteinase K-resistant, and addition of detergents prior to proteolysis abolished this resistance. In isopycnic centrifugation of the uptake assay mixture, the protease-resistant 35S-polypeptide of MW 72,000 cosediment with the peroxisomes. This translation product was identified immunochemically as fatty acyl-CoA oxidase; both before and after import it was indistinguishable in size from subunit A of the purified enzyme by prolonged SDS-PAGE. When the cell-free translation products were incubated with highly purified peroxisomes, 35S-catalase entered peroxisomes (by the criterion of protease resistance), and its entry was stimulated by the addition of a high speed supernatant (cytosolic) fraction of rat liver. These results demonstrate the post-translational import into peroxisomes in vitro of at least 2 cell-free translation products.

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Accession: 006153561

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