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Preparation of liposomes from stratum corneum lipids


Journal of Investigative Dermatology 87(5): 582-584
Preparation of liposomes from stratum corneum lipids
Mammalian stratum corneum contains multiple intercellular lipid bilayers that constitute the epidermal water barrier. Unlike all other biologic membranes, the epidermal lamellae do not contain phospholipids, as a result of which the ability of the stratum corneum lipid mixture to form bilayers has been questioned. In the present study, a lipid mixture containing only epidermal ceramides (40%), cholesterol (25%), palmitic acid (25%), and cholesteryl sulfate (10%), approximating the composition of stratum corneum lipids, formed stable, unilamellar liposomes when sonicated at 80.degree. C in buffer containing 100 mM NaCl, 5 mM Tris, and 1 mM EDTA at pH 7.5. The size and form of the liposomes were studied by both freeze fracture and negative staining electron microscopy. Lipid mixtures from which either the palmitic acid or the cholesteryl sulfate were omitted were still capable of forming similar liposomes, but a mixture of ceramides and cholesterol, or ceramides alone, were incapable of forming liposomes. The results indicate that lipid mixtures similar to those found in stratum corneum are capable of forming bilayers at physiologic pH.

Accession: 006173421

PMID: 3772151

DOI: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12455832

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