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Prevalence rates and risk factors for allergic symptoms among inhabitants in rural districts

Prevalence rates and risk factors for allergic symptoms among inhabitants in rural districts

Sangyo Igaku. Japanese Journal of Industrial Health 29(1): 3-16

In order to determine the prevalence of allergic disorders and their association with agricultural factors, a total of 3,717 inhabitants of rural districts in Kumamoto Prefecture [Japan] were ashed to fill out a questionnaire concerning their allergic status. The results obtained were as follows: 1) One or more items of allergic symptoms were reported by 44% of the subjects. The prevalence rate of each symptom was 8% for respiratory organs, 5% for delayed type of respiratory disorders, 10% for nasal mucosa, 16% for eyes, 16% for urticaria-like derma and 26% for eczema-like derma. 2) Twenty-one percent of the subjects had past histories of allergic disease such as asthma (3%), nasal allergy (3%), urticaria (6%), contact dermatitis (9%) and so forth. These allergic conditions were seen to be more common among farmers than non-agricultural workers, and also among subjects with allergic constitution than those without such constitution. 3) The highest (62%) prevalence of allergic symptoms was observed in farmers engaged in poultry raising, followed by those engaged in raising flowers (58%), tobacco (58%), cortinellus shiitake (55%), cucumber in plastic greenhouse (53%) and mandarin orange (53%). 4) Among the symptomatic subjects, 12-38% of those with each symptom gave farm work as the direct causative factor for developing the corresponding symptom. Pesticide spraying was the most common agent amonh those factors.

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Accession: 006179877

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3613248

DOI: 10.1539/joh1959.29.3

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